Gastric Bypass Surgery Procedure and Risk Involved
Gastric bypass surgery is a medical procedure in which stomach is divided into two pouches, first is small upper pouch and second is a larger lower pouch i.e. remnant and then small intestine is rearranged in such a way that it can easily be connected with both pouches.
After this surgery, the size of the stomach will be smaller and your food capacity will be lower. Consumed food will not enter into stomach and not even in small intestine. This is the reason the body will not get any calories from consumed food.
Different Ways of Performing Gastric Bypass
This surgery can be done in two different ways:
- First way of surgery is open surgery that is done by making a large cut on stomach.
- Other way to do the surgery is performed with the help of small camera known as laparoscope; this surgery is known as laparoscopy. In this surgery, camera is placed in your body with the help of small incisions on belly. This surgery is more beneficial than open surgery.
Beneficial for People
This surgery is beneficial option for those who are obese and also for those who are unable to lose weight through diet or exercise. After surgery, healthy food must be consumed and in controlled manner.
Recommended for Few People
Doctors use body mass index (BMI) to determine which people are more likely suited for gastric bypass surgery.
Normal BMI is 18 to 25.
- If a person having BMI 40 or more than 40 then surgery is advised.
- If a person having BMI 35 or more and also suffers from some serious medical problem then again surgery is suggested.
Gastric bypass is a major surgery and has some risk factors associated with it that cannot be ignored as it can lead to the death of a person but these cases are very rare. Other factors are:
- Injury to stomach ,small intestine and other organs also
- If clots formed after surgery this may reach to shortness of breath, shock, fainting, rapid heart rate and death.
- Vomiting after eating
- Infection in stomach
- Leakage from stomach
Advantages of Gastric Bypass Surgery
- Loss in weight up to 70% of your actual weight in 18 months after surgery.
- Absorption of fewer calories in body from consumed food.
- Will consume less sugar and will consume small portion of food.
- Will lose weight easily
- Feels fresh
- Maintain high cholesterol
Once you lose weight, you can easily do exercise and can perform different tasks.